Guyaflux: a TOWER for measuring the carbon flow. Experimental facility to measure the carbon stocks in the Guyanese forest and the CO2 balance between the forest and the atmosphere. © Ch. Maître

Environmental research infrastructure

ECOSCOPE SOERE: A national forum for biodiversity research observatories

Biodiversity and its associated services have an ever-larger role to play locally, nationally and internationally. Research communities dealing with the topic are growing and must respond to increasingly critical issues. Biodiversity research observatories therefore play an essential role because long time series and appropriate spatial scales are fundamental to understanding and anticipating future change.

By Sébastien Broquere, translated by Daniel McKinnon
Updated on 06/13/2013
Published on 05/27/2013

ECOSCOPE’s goal is to identify, use and share collected data. Its purpose is to ensure harmonisation among biodiversity and ecosystem service research observatories to better organise data collection, storage and use. Resources are shared, thereby creating a bridge between research agencies, major observatories and major biodiversity types. In 2011, a dozen active programmes, including SEBIOPAG and PFC, were united under the aegis of ECOSCOPE. Its broad scope includes agriculture, protected areas, marine environments and forests.

SEBIOPAG: Biodiversity and agricultural landscapes

The SEBIOPAG project, coordinated by INRA’s Forestry Dynamics in Rural Areas (DYNAFOR) lab, aims to identify and to study the ecosystem services provided by biodiversity in agricultural areas. By monitoring shifts in these services, we can assess agriculture’s response and adaption abilities to environmental changes.

Five network research sites

Five research sites with experience in long-range studies work jointly in a network. A representative range of climates and production systems found in France are covered through the biogeographic diversity of the sites. The network focuses on direct measurements in order to evaluate the effectiveness of ecosystem services provided by predation, pollination and seed dissemination across various types of landscape.

Local diversity in agricultural production systems

Mozaic landscape in the Luberon, Vaucluse (south-east France).. © INRA, MEURET Michel
Mozaic landscape in the Luberon, Vaucluse (south-east France). © INRA, MEURET Michel

Diversity among the sites will also be studied using special evaluation criteria. At each site, a grid of 20 one square kilometre plots will be observed to define the types of landscape present in each zone. The 100 studied plots as a whole should effectively reflect local diversity in production systems and in associated landscapes. Climate conditions will also be monitored to track changes in climate over time. As the network coordination facility for biodiversity observation and experimentation systems, ECOSCOPE should rapidly incorporate these monitoring systems.

Scientific contact(s):

  • Jean-Fançois Soussana, Scientific Director - Environment