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Paris

28 Feb 2017

Colloque Inra au SIA 2017 : Homme, animal, environnement : la santé en partage. © INRA

Symposium on People, Animals and the Environment: One Health

Health is a vital concern that guides a considerable part of INRA’s research across various disciplines. For the 2017 Paris International Agricultural Show, the Institute has decided to host its scientific conference on the theme People, Animals and the Environment: One Health.

Updated on 02/22/2017
Published on 01/30/2017

INRA contributes to consumer health research by studying the nutritional quality of food, finding ways to keep food safe, monitoring plant health, keeping animals healthy and ensuring their well-being, and protecting the environment. While health may not be the first thing that comes to mind when thinking of INRA’s missions, the Institute is highly engaged in this area. INRA’s conference for the 2017 Paris International Agricultural Show (SIA) will focus the spotlight on two powerful dynamics that are changing how scientists and society look at global health.

One Health symposium on 28 February 2017 at the International Agricultural Show. © INRA
One Health symposium on 28 February 2017 at the International Agricultural Show © INRA

New issues have emerged with regard to the concepts of “One Health” (one world, one health) and “EcoHealth” (environmental health) and are helping to drive new approaches in research.

In 2017, it may seem obvious that health concerns are interconnected between people, animals (regardless of species) and the environment. And yet, this paradigm is relatively new. The concept emerged around 2010 as part of an initiative developed by three international organisations that oversee global health: the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

With the new “One Health” perspective, approaches to research and health management have changed, causing a shift in action priorities in three different fields of research. Major issues include zoonotic diseases, which are transmitted between people and animals and which are increasingly appearing in our quickly evolving societies; the spread of bacteria that have become resistant to the antibiotics that are used by both people and animals; and the impacts of food and environmental contaminants that are potential endocrine or metabolic disruptors.

On the programme

Three renowned experts will be speaking at the conference, which will be held in French. They will be discussing the ever-evolving risks facing our societies and the particular impact of globalisation, global change and climate change. Jakob Zinsstag (Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel) will address the global dynamic of diseases shared by people and animals (60% of 1,400 pathogens affecting people are also harmful to animals). Muriel Vayssier (INRA) will discuss tick-borne diseases other than the dreaded Lyme’s disease, the ecological conditions that link wild and farm animals, and the influence of climate change. Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn (Complutense University of Madrid) will provide insight into the global spread of antibiotic resistance, which is acquired by bacteria due to overuse of antibiotics in livestock or by people.

Additionally, several young scientists will give a dynamic four-minute presentation of their innovative research projects, which received funding from the French National Research Agency (ANR) in 2016. How can mathematics and modelling contribute to “One Health” approaches for plants and animals? What do we need to know about hepatitis E, a virus in swine that poses concerns for the pork processing industry and consumer health? Which is the critical target for influenza: chickens, people or both? What is the synergistic potential of low-dose exposure to a combination of pesticides?  

A round table will be held with researchers and risk management specialists working in France (Directorate General of Food – Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry) and abroad (CIRAD) as well as an expert in environmental health. These experts will address future health risks in these different areas. They will review the current state of knowledge and what needs to be better understood about these issues. The audience will be able to participate in the discussion on actions to prevent, prepare for and control these risks and ensure good health for the environment, animals and people.

Practical information

Venue: Parc des expositions de la porte de Versailles, Paris
Pavilion 1.1, Espace 2000, 2.30pm to 6pm

> Find out more about the symposium, register

> Find out more about INRA at the 2017 International Agricultural Show

detailed programme

2pm – 2.30pm: Attendee welcome

2.30pm – 2.35pm: Introduction / Symposium overview
Thierry Pineau, Animal Health Division Head, INRA

2.35pm – 2.45pm: Opening remarks
Philippe Mauguin, INRA President

2.45pm – 4pm: Part 1: Priorities and national and international research
> Emerging infectious diseases, vector-borne and zoonotic diseases: how to be prepared
Jakob Zinsstag, Prof. Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel

> Tick-borne diseases, Ohticks project
Muriel Vayssier, Research Director, INRA

> French National Research Agency (ANR) 2016 “One Health” project winners from INRA
   1. Samuel Soubeyrand: “One Health” mathematics & modelling
   2. Virginie Doceul: Hepatitis E, food-borne zoonoses
   3. Romain Volmer: potentially contagious zoonotic influenza
   4. Laurence Payrastre: endocrine and metabolic disruptors, pesticide cocktails

Open discussion with the audience

4pm – 4.20pm: Coffee break

4.20pm – 5.55pm: Part 2: Managing risks for animal, human and ecosystem health

> Round table introduction: Managing risks: integrated management challenges, proper use of antibiotics and controlling the emerging spread of resistance
Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, Prof. Complutense University, Madrid

> Round table

  • Jakob Zinsstag, Prof. Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel
  • Muriel Vayssier, Research Director, INRA
  • Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, Prof. Complutense University, Madrid
  • Patrick Dehaumont, Directorate General for Food – Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry
  • Thierry Lefrançois, CIRAD

Open discussion with the audience

5.55pm: Closing remarks
Stéphane Le Foll, Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry