Wine cellar in the Agronomy and Viticulture Experimentation Unit at the INRA center in Colmar. Opening of a cask used in a microvinification experiment. © INRA, MAITRE Christophe

Yeast: how wines get made

Wine-making wasps

INRA researchers in Montpellier, and their Italian colleagues, have for the first time demonstrated the essential role played by wasps in maintaining the presence of yeasts in grapes from year to year.  Because these yeasts are essential to wine fermentation, it is clearly important to clearly understand these fauna-flora relationships within the vine ecosystem.  These findings were published in 2012 in the journal PNAS.

Updated on 12/22/2016
Published on 04/09/2013

Germination of the spores of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (electron microscopy). © INRA, SALMON Jean-Michel
Germination of the spores of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast (electron microscopy) © INRA, SALMON Jean-Michel

Without yeasts, there is no wine.  It is they – or principally Saccharomyces cerevisiae – which ensure the alcoholic fermentation of grape must.  Many winegrowers add yeasts with selected properties to their products, but some do not need to do so; sufficient yeasts are present in the grapes, cellars and fermentation tanks, even if they are cleaned between each fermentation cycle.

But one mystery remains: where do the yeasts present in grapes come from, insofar as they are only found in ripe grapes at the time of harvest, but very little in young berries?  And how do these yeasts – which therefore appear during grape ripening – remain in the ecosystem from year to year?

Interview with Jean-Luc Legras, from the INRA Sciences for Oenology Joint Research Unit (1) in Montpellier

Why did you focus on wasps?

Jean-Luc Legras: experiments at the beginning of the century, which involved covering sterile grapes with netting, showed that yeasts were not spread by the wind; the grapes remained sterile and did not ferment.  The airborne vector theory thus eliminated, research turned to animal vectors, and particularly insects.  Among these, the lifespan of drosophila is very short, and bees are devoid of the mouth parts that would allow them to drill into the grapes.  Wasps thus appeared to be much better candidates because they are capable of attacking the berries and, in the same way as bees, feed their larvae within their nests.

How were you able to demonstrate the role of wasps in the transmission of yeasts?

J-L. L.: We analysed the different populations of yeasts collected by our colleagues at the University of Florence from the digestive tracts of wasps.  We showed first of all that populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were present throughout the year in the intestinal flora of wasps.  Genetic analysis demonstrated that most of these strains were those found in wine.  Among the other strains present were those characteristic of bread.

How can you explain the continuity of transmission from year to year?

J-L. L.: The decisive experiment consisted in feeding the queens with a strain of S. cerevisiae labelled with green fluorescent protein (GFP), so that we could follow its fate.  We were thus able to prove that the queens harboured yeast cells from autumn to spring, the overwintering time during which they nourish larvae with regurgitated food.  They thus transmitted the yeasts to their progeny, providing a permanent reservoir of yeasts for the grapes, which they subsequently inoculated by biting into the berries.

What can you conclude from these findings?

J-L. L.: Wasps are probably not the only vectors of yeasts in vines, but they play a crucial role.  Other insects, such as flies or bees, can then take over to spread the yeasts from foci created by the wasps.  Birds also peck at the berries and may spread the yeasts present in their digestive tracts after they have ingested insects.  But they do not challenge wasps for their leading role in maintaining yeasts in the ecosystem, because the lifespan of yeasts in the digestive tracts of birds is very short.  Our study thus showed that vines constitute an ecosystem in which flora and fauna are closely associated.  Any disturbance – such as climatic conditions – that might affect insect populations will have effects on the maintenance of yeast biodiversity and consequently on wine quality.

(1) UMR1083 SPO: INRA/Montpellier SupAgro/Université de Montpellier I Sciences for Oenology Joint Research Unit.

Contact(s)
Scientific contact(s):

Associated Division(s):
Attribute Type Value
node_id string 101443
parent_node_id string 232
main_node_id string 101443
contentobject_id string 94905
contentobject_version string 64
contentobject_is_published string 1
depth string 3
sort_field string 1
sort_order string 1
priority string 1
modified_subnode string 1510588238
path_string string '/1/2/232/101443/'
path_identification_string string 'sitedept/deptunite28'
remote_id string '230bb61b0222959dc81d9a86f0293caa'
is_hidden string 0
is_invisible string 0
name string 'Microbiology and the Food Chain '
data_map array Array(33)
>seo object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>title object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_xml_introduction object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_xml_presentation object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>shortchapo object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>zoom_news object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>mail_contact object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>contact object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>address object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>robots object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>metadescription object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>centercode object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>pathprefix object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>display_twitterbar object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink1 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink1 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink2 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink2 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink3 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink3 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink4 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink4 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_edito_intro object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_edito_presentation object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>jobdisplay object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>visual object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>credits object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>mentions object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>arborh object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>extranet_link object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>jobteaser object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>urlteaser object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
object object[eZContentObject] Object
>id string 94905
>section_id string 1
>owner_id string 14
>contentclass_id string 50
>name string 'Microbiology and the Food Chain '
>published string 1358170803
>modified string 1491403754
>current_version string 64
>status string 1
>remote_id string '8c235d493cd98f96b18b936bc0d50e15'
>language_mask string 6
>initial_language_id string 2
>current object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>versions array Array(10)
>author_array array Array(3)
>class_name string 'Département : Site'
>content_class object[eZContentClass] Object
>contentobject_attributes array Array(33)
>owner object[eZContentObject] Object
>related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>related_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_related_contentobject_array array Array(1)
>reverse_related_contentobject_count string 2
>linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>linked_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_linked_contentobject_array array Array(1)
>reverse_linked_contentobject_count string 2
>embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>can_read boolean true
>can_pdf boolean true
>can_diff boolean false
>can_create boolean false
>can_create_class_list array Array(0)
>can_edit boolean false
>can_translate boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>can_move boolean false
>can_move_from boolean false
>can_view_embed boolean false
>data_map array Array(33)
>grouped_data_map array Array(1)
>main_parent_node_id string 232
>assigned_nodes array Array(1)
>parent_nodes array Array(1)
>main_node_id string 101443
>main_node object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>default_language string 'eng-GB'
>content_action_list boolean false
>class_identifier string 'inra_departement'
>class_group_id_list array Array(1)
>match_ingroup_id_list boolean false
>current_language string 'eng-GB'
>current_language_object object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language_code string 'fre-FR'
>available_languages array Array(1)
>language_codes array Array(1)
>language_js_array string '[{"locale":"eng-GB","name":"English (United Kingdom)"}]'
>languages array Array(1)
>all_languages array Array(2)
>can_edit_languages array Array(0)
>can_create_languages array Array(0)
>always_available integer 0
>allowed_assign_section_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_id_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_list array Array(0)
>state_id_array array Array(1)
>state_identifier_array array Array(1)
subtree array Array(37)
>0 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>1 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>2 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>3 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>4 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>5 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>6 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>7 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>8 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>9 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>10 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>11 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>12 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>13 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>14 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>15 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>16 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>17 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>18 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>19 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>20 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>21 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>22 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>23 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>24 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>25 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>26 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>27 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>28 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>29 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>30 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>31 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>32 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>33 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>34 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>35 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>36 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
children array Array(8)
>0 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>1 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>2 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>3 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>4 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>5 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>6 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>7 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
children_count string 8
view_count integer 0
contentobject_version_object object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>id string 420869
>contentobject_id string 94905
>creator_id string 95413
>version string 64
>status string 1
>created string 1491403681
>modified string 1491403752
>workflow_event_pos string 0
>user_id string 0
>language_mask string 7
>initial_language_id string 2
>creator object[eZContentObject] Object
>name string 'Microbiologie et chaîne alimentaire'
>version_name string 'Microbiologie et chaîne alimentaire'
>main_parent_node_id string 232
>contentobject_attributes array Array(33)
>related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_related_object_list array Array(1)
>parent_nodes array Array(1)
>can_read boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>data_map array Array(33)
>node_assignments array Array(1)
>contentobject object[eZContentObject] Object
>initial_language object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>language_list array Array(2)
>translation boolean false
>translation_list array Array(2)
>complete_translation_list array Array(2)
>temp_main_node object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
sort_array array Array(1)
>0 array Array(2)
can_read boolean true
can_pdf boolean true
can_create boolean false
can_edit boolean false
can_hide boolean false
can_remove boolean false
can_move boolean false
can_move_from boolean false
can_add_location boolean false
can_remove_location boolean false
can_view_embed boolean false
is_main boolean true
creator object[eZContentObject] Object
>id string 95413
>section_id string 2
>owner_id string 14
>contentclass_id string 4
>name string 'Canceill Danielle'
>published string 1358178897
>modified string 1474106708
>current_version string 2
>status string 1
>remote_id string '109c16b1fe772743b4d5e91a0731eb33'
>language_mask string 5
>initial_language_id string 4
>current object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>versions array Array(2)
>author_array array Array(2)
>class_name string 'User'
>content_class object[eZContentClass] Object
>contentobject_attributes array Array(5)
>owner object[eZContentObject] Object
>related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>related_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_related_contentobject_count string 0
>linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>linked_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_linked_contentobject_count string 0
>embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>can_read boolean false
>can_pdf boolean false
>can_diff boolean false
>can_create boolean false
>can_create_class_list array Array(0)
>can_edit boolean false
>can_translate boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>can_move boolean false
>can_move_from boolean false
>can_view_embed boolean false
>data_map array Array(5)
>grouped_data_map array Array(1)
>main_parent_node_id string 312
>assigned_nodes array Array(3)
>parent_nodes array Array(3)
>main_node_id string 101971
>main_node object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>default_language string 'eng-GB'
>content_action_list boolean false
>class_identifier string 'user'
>class_group_id_list array Array(1)
>match_ingroup_id_list boolean false
>current_language string 'eng-GB'
>current_language_object object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language_code string 'eng-GB'
>available_languages array Array(1)
>language_codes array Array(1)
>language_js_array string '[{"locale":"eng-GB","name":"English (United Kingdom)"}]'
>languages array Array(1)
>all_languages array Array(1)
>can_edit_languages array Array(0)
>can_create_languages array Array(0)
>always_available integer 1
>allowed_assign_section_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_id_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_list array Array(0)
>state_id_array array Array(1)
>state_identifier_array array Array(1)
path_with_names string 'sitedept/deptunite28'
path array Array(2)
>0 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>1 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
path_array array Array(4)
>0 integer 1
>1 integer 2
>2 integer 232
>3 integer 101443
parent object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>node_id string 232
>parent_node_id string 2
>main_node_id string 232
>contentobject_id string 219
>contentobject_version string 64
>contentobject_is_published string 1
>depth string 2
>sort_field string 9
>sort_order string 1
>priority string 2
>modified_subnode string 1510932446
>path_string string '/1/2/232/'
>path_identification_string string 'sitedept'
>remote_id string '702cee6c5bb3a0f2459eb4705cbf71aa'
>is_hidden string 0
>is_invisible string 0
>name string 'INRA Divisions'
>data_map array Array(23)
>object object[eZContentObject] Object
>subtree array Array(831)
>children array Array(17)
>children_count string 17
>view_count integer 0
>contentobject_version_object object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>sort_array array Array(1)
>can_read boolean true
>can_pdf boolean true
>can_create boolean false
>can_edit boolean false
>can_hide boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>can_move boolean false
>can_move_from boolean false
>can_add_location boolean false
>can_remove_location boolean false
>can_view_embed boolean false
>is_main boolean true
>creator object[eZContentObject] Object
>path_with_names string 'sitedept'
>path array Array(1)
>path_array array Array(3)
>parent object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>url string 'sitedept'
>url_alias string 'sitedept'
>class_identifier string 'inra_site_departements'
>class_name string 'Départements : Dispatch'
>hidden_invisible_string string '-/-'
>hidden_status_string string 'Visible'
>classes_js_array string '[{"classID":57,"name":"Actualit\u00e9"},{"classID":131,"name":"Annuaire : Rubrique"},{"classID":16,"name":"Article"},{"classID":17,"name":"Article (main-page)"},{"classID":18,"name":"Article (sub-page)"},{"classID":42,"name":"Banner"},{"classID":19,"name":"Blog"},{"classID":81,"name":"Blog : Billet"},{"classID":101,"name":"Blog : Billet marque blanche"},{"classID":62,"name":"Blog : Blog"},{"classID":99,"name":"Blog : Blog marque blanche"},{"classID":82,"name":"Blog : Rubrique additionnelle"},{"classID":20,"name":"Blog post"},{"classID":127,"name":"Br\u00e8ve"},{"classID":60,"name":"Carrousel : Actu de carrousel"},{"classID":143,"name":"Carrousel : Diapositive autonome"},{"classID":168,"name":"Carrousels"},{"classID":56,"name":"Centre : Site"},{"classID":94,"name":"Centres : Dispatch"},{"classID":13,"name":"Comment"},{"classID":50,"name":"D\u00e9partement : Site"},{"classID":95,"name":"D\u00e9partements : Dispatch"},{"classID":71,"name":"Digital Asset (Media)"},{"classID":24,"name":"Documentation page"},{"classID":154,"name":"Dossier"},{"classID":116,"name":"Dossier 'Parutions'"},{"classID":76,"name":"Dossier 'Quizs'"},{"classID":169,"name":"Dossier actu secondaire"},{"classID":89,"name":"Ev\u00e9nement"},{"classID":88,"name":"Ev\u00e9nements : Racine"},{"classID":40,"name":"Event"},{"classID":41,"name":"Event calendar"},{"classID":22,"name":"Feedback form"},{"classID":28,"name":"File"},{"classID":29,"name":"Flash"},{"classID":1,"name":"Folder"},{"classID":37,"name":"Forum"},{"classID":39,"name":"Forum reply"},{"classID":38,"name":"Forum topic"},{"classID":43,"name":"Forums"},{"classID":23,"name":"Frontpage"},{"classID":35,"name":"Gallery"},{"classID":36,"name":"Geo Article"},{"classID":145,"name":"Glossaire : Mot"},{"classID":30,"name":"Image"},{"classID":25,"name":"Infobox"},{"classID":130,"name":"Instit : Fiche Annuaire"},{"classID":140,"name":"Instit : Nous trouver"},{"classID":48,"name":"Instit : Racine"},{"classID":133,"name":"Instit : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":139,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Annuaire'"},{"classID":134,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Missions'"},{"classID":137,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Organisation'"},{"classID":135,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Rep\u00e8res'"},{"classID":136,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Strat\u00e9gie'"},{"classID":46,"name":"Kiosque : Racine"},{"classID":31,"name":"Link"},{"classID":201,"name":"Logo"},{"classID":72,"name":"Magazine"},{"classID":142,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Mot cl\u00e9"},{"classID":149,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Playlist"},{"classID":52,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Racine"},{"classID":150,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Mots cl\u00e9s'"},{"classID":148,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Playlist'"},{"classID":141,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Zoom'"},{"classID":199,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique simple"},{"classID":121,"name":"M\u00e9taprogramme : Site"},{"classID":96,"name":"M\u00e9taprogrammes : Dispatch"},{"classID":161,"name":"Mon Compte"},{"classID":124,"name":"Mon Compte : Utilisateur Front"},{"classID":26,"name":"Multicalendar"},{"classID":119,"name":"Newsletter : Abonn\u00e9"},{"classID":104,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc s\u00e9l\u00e9ction"},{"classID":105,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc texte"},{"classID":103,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne simple"},{"classID":102,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne sp\u00e9ciale"},{"classID":120,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Abonn\u00e9s'"},{"classID":122,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'D\u00e9sinscrits'"},{"classID":125,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Entreprises'"},{"classID":126,"name":"Newsletter : Entreprise"},{"classID":100,"name":"Newsletter : Newsletter"},{"classID":92,"name":"Parution"},{"classID":27,"name":"Poll"},{"classID":47,"name":"Portail : Canal"},{"classID":45,"name":"Portail : Racine"},{"classID":53,"name":"Portail : Th\u00e8me"},{"classID":185,"name":"Portrait"},{"classID":163,"name":"Portrait Old"},{"classID":87,"name":"Presse : Accueil public"},{"classID":108,"name":"Presse : Biographie"},{"classID":91,"name":"Presse : Communiqu\u00e9"},{"classID":118,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Biographies'"},{"classID":112,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Communiqu\u00e9s'"},{"classID":115,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Dossiers de presse'"},{"classID":203,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Kits de presse'"},{"classID":107,"name":"Presse : Dossier de presse"},{"classID":63,"name":"Presse : Inscription"},{"classID":205,"name":"Presse : Kit de presse"},{"classID":51,"name":"Presse : Racine"},{"classID":21,"name":"Product"},{"classID":32,"name":"Quicktime"},{"classID":73,"name":"Quiz : Accueil"},{"classID":74,"name":"Quiz : Question"},{"classID":195,"name":"Quiz : question - r\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":75,"name":"Quiz : R\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":69,"name":"Racine"},{"classID":34,"name":"Real video"},{"classID":179,"name":"RH : Annonce permanente"},{"classID":176,"name":"RH : Annonce temporaire"},{"classID":181,"name":"RH : Article simple"},{"classID":172,"name":"RH : Campagne permanente"},{"classID":180,"name":"RH : Campagne temporaire"},{"classID":207,"name":"RH : Connexion Espagnole"},{"classID":187,"name":"RH : Discipline scientifique"},{"classID":193,"name":"RH : Domaine professionnel"},{"classID":165,"name":"RH : dossier 'Portraits'"},{"classID":177,"name":"RH : Dossier Reportages"},{"classID":183,"name":"RH : Fichier description"},{"classID":184,"name":"RH : Fichier inscription"},{"classID":178,"name":"RH : Folder annonces"},{"classID":197,"name":"RH : mobilit\u00e9 internationale"},{"classID":171,"name":"RH : Proc\u00e9dure"},{"classID":49,"name":"RH : Racine"},{"classID":175,"name":"RH : R\u00e9gion"},{"classID":167,"name":"RH : Rubrique"},{"classID":164,"name":"RH : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":170,"name":"RH : Rubrique emploi"},{"classID":174,"name":"RH : textes candidatures"},{"classID":189,"name":"RH : Type d'annonce"},{"classID":191,"name":"RH : Type nature de contrat"},{"classID":106,"name":"RSS : Flux"},{"classID":129,"name":"Rubrique texte simple"},{"classID":146,"name":"SEO : Robots txt"},{"classID":147,"name":"SEO : Sitemap xml"},{"classID":151,"name":"SEO : Valeurs par d\u00e9faut"},{"classID":44,"name":"Silverlight"},{"classID":166,"name":"Sites : Rubrique"},{"classID":33,"name":"Windows media"},{"classID":182,"name":"Xiti : Identifiants Home"}]'
>is_container string 1
url string 'sitedept/deptunite28'
url_alias string 'sitedept/deptunite28'
class_identifier string 'inra_departement'
class_name string 'Département : Site'
hidden_invisible_string string '-/-'
hidden_status_string string 'Visible'
classes_js_array string '[{"classID":57,"name":"Actualit\u00e9"},{"classID":131,"name":"Annuaire : Rubrique"},{"classID":16,"name":"Article"},{"classID":17,"name":"Article (main-page)"},{"classID":18,"name":"Article (sub-page)"},{"classID":42,"name":"Banner"},{"classID":19,"name":"Blog"},{"classID":81,"name":"Blog : Billet"},{"classID":101,"name":"Blog : Billet marque blanche"},{"classID":62,"name":"Blog : Blog"},{"classID":99,"name":"Blog : Blog marque blanche"},{"classID":82,"name":"Blog : Rubrique additionnelle"},{"classID":20,"name":"Blog post"},{"classID":127,"name":"Br\u00e8ve"},{"classID":60,"name":"Carrousel : Actu de carrousel"},{"classID":143,"name":"Carrousel : Diapositive autonome"},{"classID":168,"name":"Carrousels"},{"classID":56,"name":"Centre : Site"},{"classID":94,"name":"Centres : Dispatch"},{"classID":13,"name":"Comment"},{"classID":50,"name":"D\u00e9partement : Site"},{"classID":95,"name":"D\u00e9partements : Dispatch"},{"classID":71,"name":"Digital Asset (Media)"},{"classID":24,"name":"Documentation page"},{"classID":154,"name":"Dossier"},{"classID":116,"name":"Dossier 'Parutions'"},{"classID":76,"name":"Dossier 'Quizs'"},{"classID":169,"name":"Dossier actu secondaire"},{"classID":89,"name":"Ev\u00e9nement"},{"classID":88,"name":"Ev\u00e9nements : Racine"},{"classID":40,"name":"Event"},{"classID":41,"name":"Event calendar"},{"classID":22,"name":"Feedback form"},{"classID":28,"name":"File"},{"classID":29,"name":"Flash"},{"classID":1,"name":"Folder"},{"classID":37,"name":"Forum"},{"classID":39,"name":"Forum reply"},{"classID":38,"name":"Forum topic"},{"classID":43,"name":"Forums"},{"classID":23,"name":"Frontpage"},{"classID":35,"name":"Gallery"},{"classID":36,"name":"Geo Article"},{"classID":145,"name":"Glossaire : Mot"},{"classID":30,"name":"Image"},{"classID":25,"name":"Infobox"},{"classID":130,"name":"Instit : Fiche Annuaire"},{"classID":140,"name":"Instit : Nous trouver"},{"classID":48,"name":"Instit : Racine"},{"classID":133,"name":"Instit : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":139,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Annuaire'"},{"classID":134,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Missions'"},{"classID":137,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Organisation'"},{"classID":135,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Rep\u00e8res'"},{"classID":136,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Strat\u00e9gie'"},{"classID":46,"name":"Kiosque : Racine"},{"classID":31,"name":"Link"},{"classID":201,"name":"Logo"},{"classID":72,"name":"Magazine"},{"classID":142,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Mot cl\u00e9"},{"classID":149,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Playlist"},{"classID":52,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Racine"},{"classID":150,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Mots cl\u00e9s'"},{"classID":148,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Playlist'"},{"classID":141,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Zoom'"},{"classID":199,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique simple"},{"classID":121,"name":"M\u00e9taprogramme : Site"},{"classID":96,"name":"M\u00e9taprogrammes : Dispatch"},{"classID":161,"name":"Mon Compte"},{"classID":124,"name":"Mon Compte : Utilisateur Front"},{"classID":26,"name":"Multicalendar"},{"classID":119,"name":"Newsletter : Abonn\u00e9"},{"classID":104,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc s\u00e9l\u00e9ction"},{"classID":105,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc texte"},{"classID":103,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne simple"},{"classID":102,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne sp\u00e9ciale"},{"classID":120,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Abonn\u00e9s'"},{"classID":122,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'D\u00e9sinscrits'"},{"classID":125,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Entreprises'"},{"classID":126,"name":"Newsletter : Entreprise"},{"classID":100,"name":"Newsletter : Newsletter"},{"classID":92,"name":"Parution"},{"classID":27,"name":"Poll"},{"classID":47,"name":"Portail : Canal"},{"classID":45,"name":"Portail : Racine"},{"classID":53,"name":"Portail : Th\u00e8me"},{"classID":185,"name":"Portrait"},{"classID":163,"name":"Portrait Old"},{"classID":87,"name":"Presse : Accueil public"},{"classID":108,"name":"Presse : Biographie"},{"classID":91,"name":"Presse : Communiqu\u00e9"},{"classID":118,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Biographies'"},{"classID":112,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Communiqu\u00e9s'"},{"classID":115,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Dossiers de presse'"},{"classID":203,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Kits de presse'"},{"classID":107,"name":"Presse : Dossier de presse"},{"classID":63,"name":"Presse : Inscription"},{"classID":205,"name":"Presse : Kit de presse"},{"classID":51,"name":"Presse : Racine"},{"classID":21,"name":"Product"},{"classID":32,"name":"Quicktime"},{"classID":73,"name":"Quiz : Accueil"},{"classID":74,"name":"Quiz : Question"},{"classID":195,"name":"Quiz : question - r\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":75,"name":"Quiz : R\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":69,"name":"Racine"},{"classID":34,"name":"Real video"},{"classID":179,"name":"RH : Annonce permanente"},{"classID":176,"name":"RH : Annonce temporaire"},{"classID":181,"name":"RH : Article simple"},{"classID":172,"name":"RH : Campagne permanente"},{"classID":180,"name":"RH : Campagne temporaire"},{"classID":207,"name":"RH : Connexion Espagnole"},{"classID":187,"name":"RH : Discipline scientifique"},{"classID":193,"name":"RH : Domaine professionnel"},{"classID":165,"name":"RH : dossier 'Portraits'"},{"classID":177,"name":"RH : Dossier Reportages"},{"classID":183,"name":"RH : Fichier description"},{"classID":184,"name":"RH : Fichier inscription"},{"classID":178,"name":"RH : Folder annonces"},{"classID":197,"name":"RH : mobilit\u00e9 internationale"},{"classID":171,"name":"RH : Proc\u00e9dure"},{"classID":49,"name":"RH : Racine"},{"classID":175,"name":"RH : R\u00e9gion"},{"classID":167,"name":"RH : Rubrique"},{"classID":164,"name":"RH : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":170,"name":"RH : Rubrique emploi"},{"classID":174,"name":"RH : textes candidatures"},{"classID":189,"name":"RH : Type d'annonce"},{"classID":191,"name":"RH : Type nature de contrat"},{"classID":106,"name":"RSS : Flux"},{"classID":129,"name":"Rubrique texte simple"},{"classID":146,"name":"SEO : Robots txt"},{"classID":147,"name":"SEO : Sitemap xml"},{"classID":151,"name":"SEO : Valeurs par d\u00e9faut"},{"classID":44,"name":"Silverlight"},{"classID":166,"name":"Sites : Rubrique"},{"classID":33,"name":"Windows media"},{"classID":182,"name":"Xiti : Identifiants Home"}]'
is_container string 1
Microbiology and the Food Chain ,
Attribute Type Value
node_id string 101371
parent_node_id string 232
main_node_id string 101371
contentobject_id string 94833
contentobject_version string 76
contentobject_is_published string 1
depth string 3
sort_field string 1
sort_order string 1
priority string 1
modified_subnode string 1510308306
path_string string '/1/2/232/101371/'
path_identification_string string 'sitedept/deptunite23'
remote_id string 'c26c322a977694c26e49bd0a5862eada'
is_hidden string 0
is_invisible string 0
name string 'Science for Food and Bioproduct Engineering'
data_map array Array(33)
>seo object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>title object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_xml_introduction object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_xml_presentation object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>shortchapo object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>zoom_news object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>mail_contact object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>contact object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>address object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>robots object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>metadescription object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>centercode object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>pathprefix object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>display_twitterbar object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink1 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink1 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink2 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink2 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink3 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink3 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>url_communitylink4 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>logo_communitylink4 object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_edito_intro object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>bloc_edito_presentation object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>jobdisplay object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>visual object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>credits object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>mentions object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>arborh object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>extranet_link object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>jobteaser object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
>urlteaser object[eZContentObjectAttribute] Object
object object[eZContentObject] Object
>id string 94833
>section_id string 1
>owner_id string 14
>contentclass_id string 50
>name string 'Science for Food and Bioproduct Engineering'
>published string 1358170199
>modified string 1507642404
>current_version string 76
>status string 1
>remote_id string 'c620494800b25e79a632d8080941f9c6'
>language_mask string 6
>initial_language_id string 2
>current object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>versions array Array(10)
>author_array array Array(2)
>class_name string 'Département : Site'
>content_class object[eZContentClass] Object
>contentobject_attributes array Array(33)
>owner object[eZContentObject] Object
>related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>related_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_related_contentobject_count string 1
>linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>linked_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_linked_contentobject_count string 1
>embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>can_read boolean true
>can_pdf boolean true
>can_diff boolean false
>can_create boolean false
>can_create_class_list array Array(0)
>can_edit boolean false
>can_translate boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>can_move boolean false
>can_move_from boolean false
>can_view_embed boolean false
>data_map array Array(33)
>grouped_data_map array Array(1)
>main_parent_node_id string 232
>assigned_nodes array Array(1)
>parent_nodes array Array(1)
>main_node_id string 101371
>main_node object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>default_language string 'eng-GB'
>content_action_list boolean false
>class_identifier string 'inra_departement'
>class_group_id_list array Array(1)
>match_ingroup_id_list boolean false
>current_language string 'eng-GB'
>current_language_object object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language_code string 'fre-FR'
>available_languages array Array(1)
>language_codes array Array(1)
>language_js_array string '[{"locale":"eng-GB","name":"English (United Kingdom)"}]'
>languages array Array(1)
>all_languages array Array(2)
>can_edit_languages array Array(0)
>can_create_languages array Array(0)
>always_available integer 0
>allowed_assign_section_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_id_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_list array Array(0)
>state_id_array array Array(1)
>state_identifier_array array Array(1)
subtree array Array(144)
>0 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>1 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>2 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>3 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>4 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>5 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>6 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>7 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>8 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>9 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>10 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>11 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>12 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>13 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>14 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>15 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>16 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>17 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>18 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>19 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>20 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>21 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>22 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>23 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>24 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>25 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>26 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>27 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>28 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>29 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>30 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>31 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>32 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>33 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>34 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>35 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>36 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>37 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>38 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>39 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>40 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>41 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>42 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>43 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>44 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>45 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>46 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>47 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>48 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>49 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>50 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>51 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>52 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>53 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>54 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>55 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>56 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>57 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>58 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>59 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>60 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>61 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>62 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>63 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>64 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>65 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>66 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>67 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>68 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>69 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>70 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>71 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>72 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>73 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>74 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>75 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>76 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>77 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>78 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>79 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>80 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>81 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>82 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>83 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>84 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>85 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>86 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>87 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>88 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>89 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>90 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>91 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>92 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>93 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>94 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>95 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>96 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>97 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>98 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>99 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>100 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>101 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>102 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>103 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>104 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>105 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>106 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>107 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>108 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>109 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>110 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>111 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>112 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>113 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>114 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>115 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>116 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>117 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>118 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>119 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>120 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>121 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>122 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>123 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>124 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>125 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>126 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>127 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>128 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>129 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>130 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>131 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>132 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>133 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>134 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>135 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>136 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>137 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>138 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>139 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>140 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>141 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>142 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>143 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
children array Array(9)
>0 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>1 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>2 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>3 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>4 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>5 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>6 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>7 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>8 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
children_count string 9
view_count integer 0
contentobject_version_object object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>id string 448043
>contentobject_id string 94833
>creator_id string 111629
>version string 76
>status string 1
>created string 1507641776
>modified string 1507642402
>workflow_event_pos string 0
>user_id string 0
>language_mask string 7
>initial_language_id string 4
>creator object[eZContentObject] Object
>name string 'Caractérisation et élaboration des produits issus de l’agriculture'
>version_name string 'Science for Food and Bioproduct Engineering'
>main_parent_node_id string 232
>contentobject_attributes array Array(33)
>related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_related_object_list array Array(0)
>parent_nodes array Array(1)
>can_read boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>data_map array Array(33)
>node_assignments array Array(1)
>contentobject object[eZContentObject] Object
>initial_language object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>language_list array Array(2)
>translation boolean false
>translation_list array Array(2)
>complete_translation_list array Array(2)
>temp_main_node object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
sort_array array Array(1)
>0 array Array(2)
can_read boolean true
can_pdf boolean true
can_create boolean false
can_edit boolean false
can_hide boolean false
can_remove boolean false
can_move boolean false
can_move_from boolean false
can_add_location boolean false
can_remove_location boolean false
can_view_embed boolean false
is_main boolean true
creator object[eZContentObject] Object
>id string 111629
>section_id string 2
>owner_id string 2339
>contentclass_id string 4
>name string 'Manchado-Sarni Pascale'
>published string 1362733294
>modified string 1479294604
>current_version string 2
>status string 1
>remote_id string '2c2834c1f7ce86b973f0aa1a579ed87e'
>language_mask string 3
>initial_language_id string 2
>current object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>versions array Array(2)
>author_array array Array(2)
>class_name string 'User'
>content_class object[eZContentClass] Object
>contentobject_attributes array Array(5)
>owner object[eZContentObject] Object
>related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>related_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_related_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_related_contentobject_count string 0
>linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>linked_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_linked_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_linked_contentobject_count string 0
>embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_array array Array(0)
>reverse_embedded_contentobject_count string 0
>can_read boolean false
>can_pdf boolean false
>can_diff boolean false
>can_create boolean false
>can_create_class_list array Array(0)
>can_edit boolean false
>can_translate boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>can_move boolean false
>can_move_from boolean false
>can_view_embed boolean false
>data_map array Array(5)
>grouped_data_map array Array(1)
>main_parent_node_id string 312
>assigned_nodes array Array(2)
>parent_nodes array Array(2)
>main_node_id string 118313
>main_node object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>default_language string 'eng-GB'
>content_action_list boolean false
>class_identifier string 'user'
>class_group_id_list array Array(1)
>match_ingroup_id_list boolean false
>current_language string 'fre-FR'
>current_language_object object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language object[eZContentLanguage] Object
>initial_language_code string 'fre-FR'
>available_languages array Array(0)
>language_codes array Array(0)
>language_js_array boolean false
>languages array Array(0)
>all_languages array Array(1)
>can_edit_languages array Array(0)
>can_create_languages array Array(0)
>always_available integer 1
>allowed_assign_section_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_id_list array Array(1)
>allowed_assign_state_list array Array(0)
>state_id_array array Array(1)
>state_identifier_array array Array(1)
path_with_names string 'sitedept/deptunite23'
path array Array(2)
>0 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>1 object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
path_array array Array(4)
>0 integer 1
>1 integer 2
>2 integer 232
>3 integer 101371
parent object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>node_id string 232
>parent_node_id string 2
>main_node_id string 232
>contentobject_id string 219
>contentobject_version string 64
>contentobject_is_published string 1
>depth string 2
>sort_field string 9
>sort_order string 1
>priority string 2
>modified_subnode string 1510932446
>path_string string '/1/2/232/'
>path_identification_string string 'sitedept'
>remote_id string '702cee6c5bb3a0f2459eb4705cbf71aa'
>is_hidden string 0
>is_invisible string 0
>name string 'INRA Divisions'
>data_map array Array(23)
>object object[eZContentObject] Object
>subtree array Array(831)
>children array Array(17)
>children_count string 17
>view_count integer 0
>contentobject_version_object object[eZContentObjectVersion] Object
>sort_array array Array(1)
>can_read boolean true
>can_pdf boolean true
>can_create boolean false
>can_edit boolean false
>can_hide boolean false
>can_remove boolean false
>can_move boolean false
>can_move_from boolean false
>can_add_location boolean false
>can_remove_location boolean false
>can_view_embed boolean false
>is_main boolean true
>creator object[eZContentObject] Object
>path_with_names string 'sitedept'
>path array Array(1)
>path_array array Array(3)
>parent object[eZContentObjectTreeNode] Object
>url string 'sitedept'
>url_alias string 'sitedept'
>class_identifier string 'inra_site_departements'
>class_name string 'Départements : Dispatch'
>hidden_invisible_string string '-/-'
>hidden_status_string string 'Visible'
>classes_js_array string '[{"classID":57,"name":"Actualit\u00e9"},{"classID":131,"name":"Annuaire : Rubrique"},{"classID":16,"name":"Article"},{"classID":17,"name":"Article (main-page)"},{"classID":18,"name":"Article (sub-page)"},{"classID":42,"name":"Banner"},{"classID":19,"name":"Blog"},{"classID":81,"name":"Blog : Billet"},{"classID":101,"name":"Blog : Billet marque blanche"},{"classID":62,"name":"Blog : Blog"},{"classID":99,"name":"Blog : Blog marque blanche"},{"classID":82,"name":"Blog : Rubrique additionnelle"},{"classID":20,"name":"Blog post"},{"classID":127,"name":"Br\u00e8ve"},{"classID":60,"name":"Carrousel : Actu de carrousel"},{"classID":143,"name":"Carrousel : Diapositive autonome"},{"classID":168,"name":"Carrousels"},{"classID":56,"name":"Centre : Site"},{"classID":94,"name":"Centres : Dispatch"},{"classID":13,"name":"Comment"},{"classID":50,"name":"D\u00e9partement : Site"},{"classID":95,"name":"D\u00e9partements : Dispatch"},{"classID":71,"name":"Digital Asset (Media)"},{"classID":24,"name":"Documentation page"},{"classID":154,"name":"Dossier"},{"classID":116,"name":"Dossier 'Parutions'"},{"classID":76,"name":"Dossier 'Quizs'"},{"classID":169,"name":"Dossier actu secondaire"},{"classID":89,"name":"Ev\u00e9nement"},{"classID":88,"name":"Ev\u00e9nements : Racine"},{"classID":40,"name":"Event"},{"classID":41,"name":"Event calendar"},{"classID":22,"name":"Feedback form"},{"classID":28,"name":"File"},{"classID":29,"name":"Flash"},{"classID":1,"name":"Folder"},{"classID":37,"name":"Forum"},{"classID":39,"name":"Forum reply"},{"classID":38,"name":"Forum topic"},{"classID":43,"name":"Forums"},{"classID":23,"name":"Frontpage"},{"classID":35,"name":"Gallery"},{"classID":36,"name":"Geo Article"},{"classID":145,"name":"Glossaire : Mot"},{"classID":30,"name":"Image"},{"classID":25,"name":"Infobox"},{"classID":130,"name":"Instit : Fiche Annuaire"},{"classID":140,"name":"Instit : Nous trouver"},{"classID":48,"name":"Instit : Racine"},{"classID":133,"name":"Instit : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":139,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Annuaire'"},{"classID":134,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Missions'"},{"classID":137,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Organisation'"},{"classID":135,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Rep\u00e8res'"},{"classID":136,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Strat\u00e9gie'"},{"classID":46,"name":"Kiosque : Racine"},{"classID":31,"name":"Link"},{"classID":201,"name":"Logo"},{"classID":72,"name":"Magazine"},{"classID":142,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Mot cl\u00e9"},{"classID":149,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Playlist"},{"classID":52,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Racine"},{"classID":150,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Mots cl\u00e9s'"},{"classID":148,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Playlist'"},{"classID":141,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Zoom'"},{"classID":199,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique simple"},{"classID":121,"name":"M\u00e9taprogramme : Site"},{"classID":96,"name":"M\u00e9taprogrammes : Dispatch"},{"classID":161,"name":"Mon Compte"},{"classID":124,"name":"Mon Compte : Utilisateur Front"},{"classID":26,"name":"Multicalendar"},{"classID":119,"name":"Newsletter : Abonn\u00e9"},{"classID":104,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc s\u00e9l\u00e9ction"},{"classID":105,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc texte"},{"classID":103,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne simple"},{"classID":102,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne sp\u00e9ciale"},{"classID":120,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Abonn\u00e9s'"},{"classID":122,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'D\u00e9sinscrits'"},{"classID":125,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Entreprises'"},{"classID":126,"name":"Newsletter : Entreprise"},{"classID":100,"name":"Newsletter : Newsletter"},{"classID":92,"name":"Parution"},{"classID":27,"name":"Poll"},{"classID":47,"name":"Portail : Canal"},{"classID":45,"name":"Portail : Racine"},{"classID":53,"name":"Portail : Th\u00e8me"},{"classID":185,"name":"Portrait"},{"classID":163,"name":"Portrait Old"},{"classID":87,"name":"Presse : Accueil public"},{"classID":108,"name":"Presse : Biographie"},{"classID":91,"name":"Presse : Communiqu\u00e9"},{"classID":118,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Biographies'"},{"classID":112,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Communiqu\u00e9s'"},{"classID":115,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Dossiers de presse'"},{"classID":203,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Kits de presse'"},{"classID":107,"name":"Presse : Dossier de presse"},{"classID":63,"name":"Presse : Inscription"},{"classID":205,"name":"Presse : Kit de presse"},{"classID":51,"name":"Presse : Racine"},{"classID":21,"name":"Product"},{"classID":32,"name":"Quicktime"},{"classID":73,"name":"Quiz : Accueil"},{"classID":74,"name":"Quiz : Question"},{"classID":195,"name":"Quiz : question - r\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":75,"name":"Quiz : R\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":69,"name":"Racine"},{"classID":34,"name":"Real video"},{"classID":179,"name":"RH : Annonce permanente"},{"classID":176,"name":"RH : Annonce temporaire"},{"classID":181,"name":"RH : Article simple"},{"classID":172,"name":"RH : Campagne permanente"},{"classID":180,"name":"RH : Campagne temporaire"},{"classID":207,"name":"RH : Connexion Espagnole"},{"classID":187,"name":"RH : Discipline scientifique"},{"classID":193,"name":"RH : Domaine professionnel"},{"classID":165,"name":"RH : dossier 'Portraits'"},{"classID":177,"name":"RH : Dossier Reportages"},{"classID":183,"name":"RH : Fichier description"},{"classID":184,"name":"RH : Fichier inscription"},{"classID":178,"name":"RH : Folder annonces"},{"classID":197,"name":"RH : mobilit\u00e9 internationale"},{"classID":171,"name":"RH : Proc\u00e9dure"},{"classID":49,"name":"RH : Racine"},{"classID":175,"name":"RH : R\u00e9gion"},{"classID":167,"name":"RH : Rubrique"},{"classID":164,"name":"RH : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":170,"name":"RH : Rubrique emploi"},{"classID":174,"name":"RH : textes candidatures"},{"classID":189,"name":"RH : Type d'annonce"},{"classID":191,"name":"RH : Type nature de contrat"},{"classID":106,"name":"RSS : Flux"},{"classID":129,"name":"Rubrique texte simple"},{"classID":146,"name":"SEO : Robots txt"},{"classID":147,"name":"SEO : Sitemap xml"},{"classID":151,"name":"SEO : Valeurs par d\u00e9faut"},{"classID":44,"name":"Silverlight"},{"classID":166,"name":"Sites : Rubrique"},{"classID":33,"name":"Windows media"},{"classID":182,"name":"Xiti : Identifiants Home"}]'
>is_container string 1
url string 'sitedept/deptunite23'
url_alias string 'sitedept/deptunite23'
class_identifier string 'inra_departement'
class_name string 'Département : Site'
hidden_invisible_string string '-/-'
hidden_status_string string 'Visible'
classes_js_array string '[{"classID":57,"name":"Actualit\u00e9"},{"classID":131,"name":"Annuaire : Rubrique"},{"classID":16,"name":"Article"},{"classID":17,"name":"Article (main-page)"},{"classID":18,"name":"Article (sub-page)"},{"classID":42,"name":"Banner"},{"classID":19,"name":"Blog"},{"classID":81,"name":"Blog : Billet"},{"classID":101,"name":"Blog : Billet marque blanche"},{"classID":62,"name":"Blog : Blog"},{"classID":99,"name":"Blog : Blog marque blanche"},{"classID":82,"name":"Blog : Rubrique additionnelle"},{"classID":20,"name":"Blog post"},{"classID":127,"name":"Br\u00e8ve"},{"classID":60,"name":"Carrousel : Actu de carrousel"},{"classID":143,"name":"Carrousel : Diapositive autonome"},{"classID":168,"name":"Carrousels"},{"classID":56,"name":"Centre : Site"},{"classID":94,"name":"Centres : Dispatch"},{"classID":13,"name":"Comment"},{"classID":50,"name":"D\u00e9partement : Site"},{"classID":95,"name":"D\u00e9partements : Dispatch"},{"classID":71,"name":"Digital Asset (Media)"},{"classID":24,"name":"Documentation page"},{"classID":154,"name":"Dossier"},{"classID":116,"name":"Dossier 'Parutions'"},{"classID":76,"name":"Dossier 'Quizs'"},{"classID":169,"name":"Dossier actu secondaire"},{"classID":89,"name":"Ev\u00e9nement"},{"classID":88,"name":"Ev\u00e9nements : Racine"},{"classID":40,"name":"Event"},{"classID":41,"name":"Event calendar"},{"classID":22,"name":"Feedback form"},{"classID":28,"name":"File"},{"classID":29,"name":"Flash"},{"classID":1,"name":"Folder"},{"classID":37,"name":"Forum"},{"classID":39,"name":"Forum reply"},{"classID":38,"name":"Forum topic"},{"classID":43,"name":"Forums"},{"classID":23,"name":"Frontpage"},{"classID":35,"name":"Gallery"},{"classID":36,"name":"Geo Article"},{"classID":145,"name":"Glossaire : Mot"},{"classID":30,"name":"Image"},{"classID":25,"name":"Infobox"},{"classID":130,"name":"Instit : Fiche Annuaire"},{"classID":140,"name":"Instit : Nous trouver"},{"classID":48,"name":"Instit : Racine"},{"classID":133,"name":"Instit : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":139,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Annuaire'"},{"classID":134,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Missions'"},{"classID":137,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Organisation'"},{"classID":135,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Rep\u00e8res'"},{"classID":136,"name":"Instit : Th\u00e8me 'Strat\u00e9gie'"},{"classID":46,"name":"Kiosque : Racine"},{"classID":31,"name":"Link"},{"classID":201,"name":"Logo"},{"classID":72,"name":"Magazine"},{"classID":142,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Mot cl\u00e9"},{"classID":149,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Playlist"},{"classID":52,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Racine"},{"classID":150,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Mots cl\u00e9s'"},{"classID":148,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Playlist'"},{"classID":141,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique 'Zoom'"},{"classID":199,"name":"Mediath\u00e8que : Rubrique simple"},{"classID":121,"name":"M\u00e9taprogramme : Site"},{"classID":96,"name":"M\u00e9taprogrammes : Dispatch"},{"classID":161,"name":"Mon Compte"},{"classID":124,"name":"Mon Compte : Utilisateur Front"},{"classID":26,"name":"Multicalendar"},{"classID":119,"name":"Newsletter : Abonn\u00e9"},{"classID":104,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc s\u00e9l\u00e9ction"},{"classID":105,"name":"Newsletter : Bloc texte"},{"classID":103,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne simple"},{"classID":102,"name":"Newsletter : Campagne sp\u00e9ciale"},{"classID":120,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Abonn\u00e9s'"},{"classID":122,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'D\u00e9sinscrits'"},{"classID":125,"name":"Newsletter : Dossier 'Entreprises'"},{"classID":126,"name":"Newsletter : Entreprise"},{"classID":100,"name":"Newsletter : Newsletter"},{"classID":92,"name":"Parution"},{"classID":27,"name":"Poll"},{"classID":47,"name":"Portail : Canal"},{"classID":45,"name":"Portail : Racine"},{"classID":53,"name":"Portail : Th\u00e8me"},{"classID":185,"name":"Portrait"},{"classID":163,"name":"Portrait Old"},{"classID":87,"name":"Presse : Accueil public"},{"classID":108,"name":"Presse : Biographie"},{"classID":91,"name":"Presse : Communiqu\u00e9"},{"classID":118,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Biographies'"},{"classID":112,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Communiqu\u00e9s'"},{"classID":115,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Dossiers de presse'"},{"classID":203,"name":"Presse : Dossier 'Kits de presse'"},{"classID":107,"name":"Presse : Dossier de presse"},{"classID":63,"name":"Presse : Inscription"},{"classID":205,"name":"Presse : Kit de presse"},{"classID":51,"name":"Presse : Racine"},{"classID":21,"name":"Product"},{"classID":32,"name":"Quicktime"},{"classID":73,"name":"Quiz : Accueil"},{"classID":74,"name":"Quiz : Question"},{"classID":195,"name":"Quiz : question - r\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":75,"name":"Quiz : R\u00e9ponse"},{"classID":69,"name":"Racine"},{"classID":34,"name":"Real video"},{"classID":179,"name":"RH : Annonce permanente"},{"classID":176,"name":"RH : Annonce temporaire"},{"classID":181,"name":"RH : Article simple"},{"classID":172,"name":"RH : Campagne permanente"},{"classID":180,"name":"RH : Campagne temporaire"},{"classID":207,"name":"RH : Connexion Espagnole"},{"classID":187,"name":"RH : Discipline scientifique"},{"classID":193,"name":"RH : Domaine professionnel"},{"classID":165,"name":"RH : dossier 'Portraits'"},{"classID":177,"name":"RH : Dossier Reportages"},{"classID":183,"name":"RH : Fichier description"},{"classID":184,"name":"RH : Fichier inscription"},{"classID":178,"name":"RH : Folder annonces"},{"classID":197,"name":"RH : mobilit\u00e9 internationale"},{"classID":171,"name":"RH : Proc\u00e9dure"},{"classID":49,"name":"RH : Racine"},{"classID":175,"name":"RH : R\u00e9gion"},{"classID":167,"name":"RH : Rubrique"},{"classID":164,"name":"RH : Rubrique 'Actu'"},{"classID":170,"name":"RH : Rubrique emploi"},{"classID":174,"name":"RH : textes candidatures"},{"classID":189,"name":"RH : Type d'annonce"},{"classID":191,"name":"RH : Type nature de contrat"},{"classID":106,"name":"RSS : Flux"},{"classID":129,"name":"Rubrique texte simple"},{"classID":146,"name":"SEO : Robots txt"},{"classID":147,"name":"SEO : Sitemap xml"},{"classID":151,"name":"SEO : Valeurs par d\u00e9faut"},{"classID":44,"name":"Silverlight"},{"classID":166,"name":"Sites : Rubrique"},{"classID":33,"name":"Windows media"},{"classID":182,"name":"Xiti : Identifiants Home"}]'
is_container string 1
Science for Food and Bioproduct Engineering
Associated Centre(s):
Montpellier

Reference

Stefanini, I., Dapporto, L., Legras, J.-L., Calabretta, A., Di Paola, M., De Filippo, C., Viola, R., et al. 2012. Role of social wasps in Saccharomyces cerevisiae ecology and evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(33), 13398–403.