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logo pour la newsletter The newsletter for industry
N° 89
  February 2017  
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Results, Innovations and Transfer
tool to assess the sustainability of the orchard. © INRA
DexiFruits: a tool to evaluate orchard sustainability

Evaluating the sustainability of a cropping system is a complex task because so many parameters must be taken into account. INRA scientists, working in partnership with the CTIFL1, AgroCampus Ouest and the IFPC2 have nevertheless succeeded in developing a freely-available and simple-to-use software for fruit growers and their advisers.

Sous les sensilles olfactives (ovales), visibles au microscope électronique à l’extrémité de l’antenne, se trouvent des neurones qui détectent les odeurs et qui sont sensibles aux insecticides.. © INRA, Claude COLLET
Towards the development of an in vitro test to evaluate the toxicity of insecticides to bees

Insecticides are incriminated as being one of the factors responsible for the decline of bee populations. Numerous laboratory and field studies have proved the susceptibility of insect pollinators to some of these substances, even at low levels of exposure. In order to better anticipate the toxicity of plant health products, and to contribute to developing alternative solutions, scientists from the Research Unit on Bees and the Environment (at the PACA INRA Centre) have for several years been carrying out work on the neuronal ion channels of bees. The results of their studies have provided foundations for the development of an in vitro test that can determine whether chemical compounds are toxic to bees.  This test, developed in collaboration with CNRS in Montpellier and a Canadian university, has resulted in the filing of two patents.

Vines. © Montpellier SupAgro, Florent Pantin
Adapting to climate change: selecting grapevines with reduced nighttime transpiration

Researchers from INRA and Montpellier SupAgro have found that nighttime water loss in grapevines can be significantly curbed by selecting certain varieties. Up to now, this avenue has remained unexplored for all species of plants. These exciting new findings open the door to a new selection strategy to help grapevines better tolerate drought.

Staphylococcus aureus strain SA40. © INRA
Staphylococcus aureus: deciphering a resistance strategy that thwarts certain antimicrobials

The natural presence of fatty acids in the human body leads to increased resistance of Staphylococcus aureus to a class of antimicrobials that target bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis. This discovery, based on research by INRA scientists in collaboration with INSERM, Hôpital Cochin APHP, the Université Paris Descartes, Institut Pasteur and CNRS scientists, is reported in an article in Nature Communications1 (5 October 2016). While antimicrobial drug discovery is a top research priority, this work reveals that resistance strategies involving host fatty acids can thwart the use of fatty acid synthesis inhibitors to treat staphylococcal infection.

Our partners
logo tomgem. © INRA
The TomGEM project to breed tomato varieties adapted to climate change

Launched in March 2016, the TomGEM project (A holistic multi-actor approach towards the design of new tomato varieties and management practices to improve  yield and quality in  the face of climate change) aims to improve the yields and quality of tomato varieties in the context of climate change. Coordinated by the INRA-ENSAT Joint Research Unit for Fruit Genomics and Biotechnology in Toulouse, and supported by the TULIP LabEx, 18 partners (from Europe, Argentina and Taiwan) are involved in this international consortium.

Collaboration proposals
strigolactone structure. © INRA, François-Didier Boyer
Inhibitor of plant branching

Synthesis of a new strigolactone analog for plant branching control.

polymers. © INRA
Formulation and process to produce a biobased and biodegradable PLA

Researchers from the INRA-AgroParisTech Joint Research Unit for Food Process Engineering (GENIAL), in collaboration with the CNAM, lTERG and Brodart have developed a formulation to obtain PLA packaging with improved mechanical properties. The additives used come from the refinery of vegetable oils and they make it possible to maintain the biobased and biodegradable characteristic of PLA.

Just published
Press conference on 14 October 2016: a global strategy through to 2025. © INRA
Agricultural performance, food security, bioeconomy & innovation: INRA's global strategy for the next ten years

Stabilise global warming, reduce food insecurity, ensure energy transitions, construct agricultural systems for the future, prepare Open Science and Big Data… agricultural research will be confronted throughout the 21st century with unprecedented challenges. Philippe Mauguin, the President of INRA, has presented the Institute's global strategy for the next ten years, focused on permitting our societies to live better and more sustainably.

Open access guidelines. © INRA
INRA commits further to open science

INRA has just published its official policy guidelines regarding open access to its publications and data. The institute took the first step in 2004: by signing the Berlin Declaration1, it committed to making articles written by its researchers freely available. With the European Commission promoting open science and recent French legislation encouraging open access (see insert), research institutes like INRA have been inspired to go even further, notably by facilitating access to data.

INRA at the 2017 International Agricultural Show. © INRA
25 Feb - 05 Mar 2017
INRA at the 2017 International Agricultural Show

On the occasion of the 54th International Agricultural Show, INRA will provide insight into its research on the microworlds which populate our environment and our body. You will be able to find out more about the different professions and research fields in which INRA is recruiting.

Executive Director: Philippe Mauguin
Editorial coordination: Odile Whitechurch
Chief Editor: Chantal Dorthe
Editorial Staff: Anne Frinault, Patricia Le Crenn, Jacques Le Rouzic, Anne Perraut
The newsletter for industry is produced by INRA, Partnership Transfer Innovation Directorate (DPTI).
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