• Could urbanisation and biodiversity be compatible?

    More than 900 species of wild bees are found in France, but many of them - such as bumblebees - are in decline.  INRA scientists, working in collaboration with the naturalist association Arthropologia, have carried out the first exhaustive study in Europe to evaluate the impact of urbanisation on the wild bee community.  They studied 24 more or less urbanised sites in and around Lyon and recorded 291 different bee species.  Although bee abundance decreased with an increasing level of urbanisation, the number of species present was at its peak in periurban areas, and 60 species - a considerable number - were found at the most urban site.  These findings are published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on 13 August 2014.

  • INRA’s Annual Report for 2013

    In its new format with three thematic sections, the Annual Report for 2013 - which was presented at the end of June to INRA's Board of Directors - reflects the diversity of the Institute's activities and the commitment of its staff.

  • Wine-making wasps

    INRA researchers in Montpellier, and their Italian colleagues, have for the first time demonstrated the essential role played by wasps in maintaining the presence of yeasts in grapes from year to year.  Because these yeasts are essential to wine fermentation, it is clearly important to clearly understand these fauna-flora relationships within the vine ecosystem.  These findings were published in 2012 in the journal PNAS.

  • Oilseed rape genome sequenced

    An International consortium of more than 30 research institutes, coordinated by scientists at INRA and CEA-Genoscope and associating CNRS and University of Evry, just succeeded in deciphering the complex genome of the recent oilseed rape1 (Brassica napus L, also known as rapeseed, rape or canola), the most important oilseed crop in Europe, Canada, and Australia. This scientific breakthrough paves the way to a fundamental understanding of the origins of crop species through polyploidy (consisting in inter-species hybridization and association of several genomes) and provides a foundational resource for accelerating on-going breeding efforts in the crop. This work is published in Science on 22 August 2014.

  • INRA is recruiting 49 experienced researchers in 2014

    Being an INRA researcher means participating in high-quality research that serves the interests of society. It also means advancing our state of knowledge and contributing to the development of innovative solutions that will allow us to produce food sustainably, preserve the environment, and improve the quality of the foods we eat. INRA uses open competitions to recruit experienced researchers who are proficient at designing and conducting research projects. Applications can be submitted from June 30 to September 1, 2014.

  • INRA is recruiting a research director in the field of Food and Bioproduct Engineering

    INRA is recruiting a Senior Research Director (DR1) in the field of Food and Bioproduct Engineering. This permanent position is filled through an open competition. Applications are open from 30 June to 1st September 2014.

  • Soil ecotoxicology and agroecology: partners in progress

    Ecotoxicology is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on the environment. It is a rapidly evolving field.

  • Mouth bacteria invade the gut in liver cirrhosis patients

    Scientists from INRA in collaboration with a Chinese team found that the gut microbiota1  of individuals with liver cirrhosis differ notably from healthy individuals’, showing a high proportion of oral bacteria. This discovery, published in Nature on 23 June 2014, allowed researchers to build a non-invasive test for liver cirrhosis, accurate to over 90%. This scientific breakthrough could have applications for other chronic diseases and represents an important step in the research for therapies.

10 Jul 2014
DNA. © INRA

Livestock epigenetics: laying the foundation for future benefits

Each living organism contains both a genome AND an epigenome. But what is the epigenome? This report will help answer this question and discuss recent discoveries by INRA scientists related to the topic of livestock epigenetics.

11 Jul 2014
Abeille domestique butinant une fleur de colza.. © @INRA, RENARD Michel

Taking account of the environment of bees to better evaluate insecticide-related risks

A study coordinated by INRA and involving ACTA, CNRS and ITSAP-Institut de l'Abeille, has shown that the level of sensitivity of bees to the adverse effects of pesticides varies as a function of environmental conditions.

28 Aug 2014
Paysages ruraux Lauragais.. © @INRA, CATTIAU Gilles

Greenhouse gases: a new group of soil micro-organisms can contribute to their elimination

INRA research scientists in Dijon have shown that the ability of soils to eliminate N2O can mainly be explained by the diversity and abundance of a new group of micro-organisms that are capable of transforming it into atmospheric nitrogen (N2). These results are published in Nature Climate Change in september 2014.

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