• Organic food and produce: what difference does it make?

    Organic farming yields produce with higher concentrations of antioxidants, less cadmium and a lower incidence of pesticide residues: these are the findings of a systematic literature review and meta-analyses that appeared in the July 15 issue of British Journal of Nutrition.

  • Use of fertilizing residual materials in agriculture and forestry

    On 3 July 2014, the conclusions of the Scientific Collective Expert Report on the use of fertilizing residual materials applied to agricultural and forest soils, carried out by INRA, CNRS and IRSTEA and commissioned by the French Ministries for Agriculture and the Environment, were presented and debated during a special meeting.

  • Wine-making wasps

    INRA researchers in Montpellier, and their Italian colleagues, have for the first time demonstrated the essential role played by wasps in maintaining the presence of yeasts in grapes from year to year.  Because these yeasts are essential to wine fermentation, it is clearly important to clearly understand these fauna-flora relationships within the vine ecosystem.  These findings were published in 2012 in the journal PNAS.

  • Floral resources: to each bee his own

    Bees use floral resources differently depending on what bee family they belong to, such as honeybees, wild bees or bumblebees. This new discovery was made by researchers from the Bees and the Environment Unit at the INRA PACA centre, in cooperation with the Itsap Institut de l’abeille. The study was the basis of an article in the scientific journal Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment and a note by the European Commission’s Directorate General for the Environment early this year.

  • Oilseed rape genome sequenced

    An International consortium of more than 30 research institutes, coordinated by scientists at INRA and CEA-Genoscope and associating CNRS and University of Evry, just succeeded in deciphering the complex genome of the recent oilseed rape1 (Brassica napus L, also known as rapeseed, rape or canola), the most important oilseed crop in Europe, Canada, and Australia. This scientific breakthrough paves the way to a fundamental understanding of the origins of crop species through polyploidy (consisting in inter-species hybridization and association of several genomes) and provides a foundational resource for accelerating on-going breeding efforts in the crop. This work is published in Science on 22 August 2014.

  • First reference sequence of a bread wheat chromosome revealed

    Scientists announced the publication of the first reference sequence1 of the biggest bread wheat chromosome. Thanks to an international collaboration, coordinated by INRA jointly with CEA (Genoscope), CNRS and Université d’Evry in France, this major achievement will allow the identification of numerous genes of agronomic interest, and accelerate wheat improvement. Scientists estimate that following this approach, a full reference genome sequence can be produced within three years. Results are published in Science on July 18th, 2014.

  • Soil ecotoxicology and agroecology: partners in progress

    Ecotoxicology is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on the environment. It is a rapidly evolving field.

  • Mouth bacteria invade the gut in liver cirrhosis patients

    Scientists from INRA in collaboration with a Chinese team found that the gut microbiota1  of individuals with liver cirrhosis differ notably from healthy individuals’, showing a high proportion of oral bacteria. This discovery, published in Nature on 23 June 2014, allowed researchers to build a non-invasive test for liver cirrhosis, accurate to over 90%. This scientific breakthrough could have applications for other chronic diseases and represents an important step in the research for therapies.

  • Plants also feel, move and communicate!

    In their own way, plants are capable of feeling and communicating.  Research is becoming increasingly interested in these areas and is evidencing original mechanisms that underlie the social existence of the plant world.

30 Sep 2014
Forêt mixte. © INRA, Charlotte Grossiord

Biodiversity does not always improve resistance of forest ecosystems to drought

Scientists from INRA, in collaboration with WSL (Switzerland) and European colleagues, studied the resistance of forests to drought according to the diversity of tree species.

26 Sep 2014
Cell mitosis. © CNRS, Bernard Ducommun

Real time in vitro evaluation of the carcinogenic potential of contaminants

The Genotrace project aims at delivering an innovative test to improve the safety of chemical products, drugs, human and animal food and the environment.

24 Sep 2014
Oak logs. © INRA, Erwan Guichoux / Inra UMR BIOGECO

Using genetic markers to trace oak wood barrels

Researchers at INRA Bordeaux-Aquitaine have identified new genetic markers and developed genotyping technology that can identify species and determine if a batch of oak wood matches its stated provenance.

Metaprogrammes
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